School of Biological Sciences | Universiti Sains Malaysia
Wildlife research group actively involves in the study of wildlife ecology, population dynamics, wildlife management and wildlife behavior. Other research involves the current scenario of habitat disturbances and its direct and indirect impact on wildlife. Habitat fragmentation and the resulting isolation of wildlife populations, caused mainly by anthropogenic pressures is one of the important causes of increasing concerns for conservation biologists and protected area managers. In view of the fact that most vertebrate species depend on the rainforest and that most rainforests will be reduced to disturbed and fragmented patches, the abilities of animals to survive in such areas are of great importance in formulating conservation strategies. But until now, the overall effects of habitat fragmentation have not been widely studied and research so far in Malaysia has concentrated only on the impacts of logging on vertebrate fauna particularly the avifauna and primates.
All the studies showed considerable effects of logging on the animals feeding and ranging behavior, food resources availability and animals breeding success. Emphases were given to various groups of wildlife mainly mammals, birds, amphibians and reptiles. Besides the forest and other disturbed habitat, agricultural areas also supported a good number of wildlife species. For the past few years, wildlife research groups have conducted various researches on the distribution, abundance and population dynamics of avifauna living in rice agro ecosystem and to evaluate the suitability of such modified ecosystem as important wildlife habitat. Vertebrate pest is also one of the major areas for wildlife researchers. It focuses on urban and agricultural pest species and emphasize on the biology, behavior, their control and management. Two groups of pests of top priority are birds and rodents. Members of Wildlife research also participates and contributes expertise in various scientific expeditions organized by local universities and government agencies.
School of Biological Sciences, 11800, Universiti Sains Malaysia Pulau Pinang, Malaysia
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