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Lee Chow Yang

 

Professor 
Tel: (604)-6533523/4151 
E-mail : chowyang@usm.my

 

]

Research Profile

Sustainable Urban Insect Pest Management


Current Research

Ecology, behavior and management of termites, cockroaches, pest ants, bed bugs and stored product insects.


Collaborators

  • Professor Brian Forschler, University of Georgia, USA.Professor Tsuyoshi Yoshimura, Kyoto University, Japan.
  • Dr Tracie Jenkins, University of Georgia, USA.
  • Dr Michael Lenz, CSIRO Ecosystem, Australia.
  • Professor Gary Bennett, Purdue University, USA.
  • Singapore Pest Management Association, Singapore.
  • Environmental Health Institute, Singapore.
  • DuPont Professional Products
  • Sumitomo Chemical
  • Bayer Environmental Sciences

Selected Publications

Please visit http://web.me.com/chowyang/chowyang/Welcome.html for more details.

1.Lee CY, NL Chong & HH Yap. 1993. A study on domiciliary cockroach infestation in Penang, Malaysia. Journal of Bioscience 4: 95-98 [pdf]


2.Yap HH, NL Chong, AES Foo & CY Lee. 1994. Dengue vector control: present status and future prospects. Kaohsiung Journal of Medical Science (Taiwan) 10: 102-108. [pdf]


3.Lee CY, NL Chong & HH Yap. 1994. Laboratory evaluation of three traps against Periplaneta americana (L.) and Blattella germanica (L.). Tropical Biomedicine 11: 11-15. [pdf]


4.Yap HH & CY Lee. 1994. A preliminary study on species composition of household ants in Penang Island, Malaysia. Journal of Bioscience 5: 64-66. [pdf]


5.Yap HH, CY Lee, NL Chong, R Baba & HT Tan. 1995. Laboratory bioassays of Malaysian Standard mosquito mat formulation against Aedes aegypti (L.) and Culex quinquefasciatus (Say) using two test methods. Journal of Bioscience 6: 86-93. [pdf]


6.Yap HH, CY Lee, NL Chong, AES Foo & MP Lim. 1995. Oviposition site preference of Aedes albopictus in the laboratory. Journal of American Mosquito Control Association (USA) 11: 128-132. [pdf]


7.Yap HH, SK Lim & CY Lee. 1995. Laboratory larvicidal efficacy of etofenprox (Trebon®) against four species of mosquitoes of public health importance. International Pest Control (UK) 37: 142-143. [pdf]


8.Yap HH, CY Lee, AM Yahaya, R Schenker & S Janssen. 1995. Residual efficacy of lufenuron (Instar®) against Blattella germanica and Periplaneta americana. Arthropod Pest Management (USA) 20: 358.


9.Lee CY, HH Yap, NL Chong & RST Lee. 1996. Insecticide resistance and synergism in field-collected German cockroaches (Dictyoptera: Blattellidae) from Peninsular Malaysia. Bulletin of Entomological Research (UK) 86: 675-682. [pdf]


10.Yap HH, AES Foo, CY Lee, NL Chong, AH Awang, R Baba & AM Yahaya. 1996. Laboratory and field trials of fenthion and cyfluthrin against Mansonia uniformis larvae. Journal of Vector Ecology (USA) 21: 146-149. [pdf]


11.Yap HH, MP Lim, NL Chong & CY Lee. 1996. Efficacy and sublethal effects of mosquito coils on Aedes aegypti and Culex quinquefasciatus (Diptera: Culicidae). Pp. 177 – 184. Proceedings of the Second International Conference of Insect Pests in the Urban Environment 1996 (K. Wildey, ed.). Exeter Press, UK. [pdf]


12.Lee CY, HH Yap & NL Chong. 1996. Insecticide toxicity on the adult German cockroach, Blattella germanica (L.) (Dictyoptera: Blattellidae). Malaysian Journal of Science 17A: 1 – 9. [pdf]


13.Lee CY, HH Yap & NL Chong. 1996. Comparison of selected biological parameters of laboratory susceptible and field collected strains of the German cockroach, Blattella germanica (L.) (Dictyoptera: Blattellidae). Malaysian Journal of Science 17A: 37-48. [pdf]


14.Lee CY, CY Lim & HH Yap. 1996. Contact toxicity of bendiocarb against three species of Malaysian household ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Journal of Bioscience 7: 79-82. [pdf]


15.Yap HH, CY Lee, NL Chong, AH Awang, AM Yahaya & R Baba. 1996. Performance of mosquito coil formulations containing transfluthrin in an urban squatter environment. Tropical Biomedicine 13: 101-103. [pdf]


16.Yap HH, NL Chong, CY Lee & CA Koay. 1997. Field-simulated residual efficacy of beta cyfluthrin against Anopheles sinensis Wiedemann. Southeast Asian Journal of Tropical Medicine and Public Health (Thailand) 28: 233-234. [pdf]


17.Lee CY. 1997. Household insecticide products. pp 104-107. In Chemical methods for the control of vectors and pests of public health importance (Chavasse DC & HH Yap, eds.). WHO/CTD/WHOPES/97.2. World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland.


18.Lee CY. 1997. Medical importance of domiciliary cockroaches. Singapore Microbiologist (Singapore) 11: 14 –17. [pdf]


19.Yap HH, CY Lee & NL Chong. 1997. Mansonia vector control: Problems and possibilities. Vector Journal 3: 35-46. [pdf]


20.Lee CY. 1997. Insecticide resistance and its underlying mechanisms in the German cockroach, Blattella germanica (Linn.) (Dictyoptera: Blattellidae). Journal of Bioscience 8: 156-172. [pdf]


21.Lee CY, KM Loke, HH Yap & ASC Chong. 1997. Baseline malathion and permethrin susceptibility in field collected Culex quinquefasciatus (Say) mosquitoes from Penang, Malaysia. Tropical Biomedicine 14: 87-91. [pdf]


22.Lee CY, HH Yap & NL Chong. 1997. Elevated esterase detection in insecticide-resistant German cockroaches (Dictyoptera: Blattellidae) using modified Pasteur-Georghiou’s filter-paper method. Tropical Biomedicine 14: 81-86. [pdf]


23.Lee LC & CY Lee. 1998. Characterization of pyrethroid and carbamate resistance in a Malaysian field collected strain of the German cockroach, Blattella germanica (L.) (Dictyoptera: Blattellidae). Tropical Biomedicine 15: 1 – 9. [pdf]


24.Lee CY. 1998. Control of insecticide-resistant German cockroaches, Blattella germanica (L.) (Dictyoptera: Blattellidae) in food-outlets with hydramethylnon-based bait stations. Tropical Biomedicine 15: 45-51. [pdf]


25.Chong ASC, LC Gabriel, CY Lee & HH Yap. 1998. Contact toxicities of etofenprox and bendiocarb against the Odorous house ant (Tapinoma sessile Say). Malaysian Applied Biology 27: 127-129. [pdf]


26.Lee CY, HH Yap & NL Chong. 1998. Sublethal effects of deltamethrin and propoxur on German cockroaches, Blattella germanica (L.) (Dictyoptera: Blattellidae). Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata (Belgium) 89: 137-145. [pdf]


27.Lee CY, LC Lee, BH Ang & NL Chong. 1999. Insecticide resistance in the German cockroach from hotels and restaurants in Malaysia. p. 171 – 182. In Proceedings of the Third International Conference on Urban Pests (Robinson WH, Rettich R & Rambo G, eds). Graficke zavody Hronov, Czech Republic. [pdf]


28.Scharf ME, CY Lee, JJ Neal & GW Bennett. 1999. Cytochrome P450 MA expression in insecticide-resistant German cockroaches (Dictyoptera: Blattellidae). Journal of Economic Entomology (USA) 92: 788 – 793. [pdf]


29.Lee CY. 1999. The worship of termite mounds. Isoptera Newsletter (USA) 9: 2. 


30.Lee CY & LC Lee. 2000. Diversity of cockroach species and effect of sanitation on level of cockroach infestation in residential premises. Tropical Biomedicine 17: 39 – 43. [pdf]


31.Lee CY & CY Heng. 2000. Effects of food and water deprivation on nymphal development, adult fecundity and insecticide susceptibility in German cockroaches, Blattella germanica (L.). Tropical Biomedicine 17: 27 – 34. [pdf]


32.Lee CY, MS Khalid, LC Lee & NL Chong. 2000. Notes on biological parameters of a new domiciliary pest, smooth cockroach Symploce pallens (Stephens) (Dictyoptera: Blattellidae). Tropical Biomedicine 17: 49 – 52. [pdf]


33.Lee CY. 2000. Performance of hydramethylnon- and fipronil-based containerized baits against household ants in residential premises. Tropical Biomedicine 17: 45 – 48. [pdf]


34.Lee CY. 2000. Sublethal effects of insecticides on longevity, fecundity and behaviour of insect pests: a review. Journal of Bioscience 11: 107 – 112. [pdf]


35.Lee CY, J Hemingway, HH Yap & NL Chong. 2000. Biochemical characterization of insecticide resistance in the German cockroach (Dictyoptera: Blattellidae) from Peninsular Malaysia. Medical and Veterinary Entomology (UK) 14: 11 – 18. [pdf]


36.Lee CY & LC Lee. 2000. Influence of sanitary condition on field performance of chlorpyrifos-based baits against American cockroaches, Periplaneta americana (L.) (Dictyoptera: Blattidae). Journal of Vector Ecology (USA) 25: 218 – 221. [pdf]


37.Na JPS & CY Lee. 2001. Identification key to common urban pest ants in Malaysia. Tropical Biomedicine 18: 1 – 17. [pdf]


38.Chong ASC, R Hashim, CY Lee & A Ali. 2002. Partial characterization and activities of proteases from digestive tract of discus fish (Symphysodon aequifasciata). Aquaculture (USA) 203: 321 – 333. [pdf]


39.Lee CY. 2002. Control of foraging colonies of subterranean termites, Coptotermes travians (Haviland) (Isoptera: Rhinotermitidae) in Malaysia using hexaflumuron baits. Sociobiology (USA) 39: 411 – 416. [pdf]


40.Lee CY. 2002. Subterranean termite pests and their control in the urban environment in Malaysia. Sociobiology (USA) 40: 3 – 9. [pdf]


41.Lee CY, CY Lim & I Darah. 2002. Survey on structure-infesting ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) in food preparative outlets. Tropical Biomedicine 19: 21 – 26. [pdf]


42.Lee CY & JAC Soo. 2002. Impact of starvation on intrinsic rate of increase (rn) of the German cockroach, Blattella germanica (L.) (Dictyoptera: Blattellidae), in the presence of an insecticidal bait. Tropical Biomedicine 19: 103 – 108. [pdf]


43.Lee CY & JAC Soo. 2002. Potential of glucose-aversion development in field collected populations of the German cockroach, Blattella germanica (L.) (Dicytoptera: Blattellidae) from Malaysia. Tropical Biomedicine 19: 33 – 39. [pdf]


. 44.Chong A, HH Yap, NL Chong & CY Lee. 2002. Effects of starvation on nutrient distribution in the Pharaoh ant, Monomorium pharaonis (L.) (Hymnoptera: Formicidae) workers and various larval stages. pp. 121 – 128. In: Proceedings of Fourth International Conference on Urban Pests (SC Jones, J Zhai & WH Robinson, eds), Pocahontas Press, Blacksburg, VA. [pdf]


45.Lee CY. 2002. Tropical household ants – pest status, species diversity, foraging behavior and baiting studies. pp. 3 – 18. In: Proceedings of Fourth International Conference on Urban Pests (SC Jones, J Zhai & WH Robinson, eds), Pocahontas Press, Blacksburg, Virginia, USA.[pdf]


46.Ngee PS & CY Lee. 2002. Colony characterization of a mound-building subterranean termite, Globitermes sulphureus (Isoptera: Termitidae) using modified single-mark recapture technique. Sociobiology (USA) 40: 525 - 532. [pdf]


47.Lee CY & LC Lee. 2002. Field and laboratory evaluation of a boron-based containerised dual bait formulation against the Pharaoh ant, Monomorium pharaonis (L.) (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Sociobiology (USA) 40: 655 – 665. [pdf]


48.Lee KM & CY Lee. 2002. Prevalence of insecticide resistance in field collected populations of the German cockroach, Blattella germanica (L.) (Dictyoptera: Blattellidae). Medical Entomology and Zoology (Japan) 53: 219 – 225. [pdf]


49.Lee CY, PS Ngee, LC Lee & J Na. 2003. Notes on termite species diversity in Pantai Acheh Forest Reserve, Penang Island, Malaysia. In: Pantai Acheh Forest Reserve: A Case for a State Park (Chan LK, ed.). Universiti Sains Malaysia Press, Penang, Malaysia. 


50.Lim SP & CY Lee. 2003. Nestmate recognition and intercolonial aggression in the crazy ant, Paratrechina longicornis (Latreille) (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Sociobiology (USA) 41: 295 – 305. [pdf]


51.Lee CY, PS Ngee & LC Lee. 2003. Foraging populations and territories of a mound-building higher subterranean termite, Microtermes pakistanicus Ahmad (Isoptera: Macrotermitinae). Sociobiology (USA) 41: 307 – 316. [pdf]


52.Jahangir K, HH Yap, J Zairi, CY Lee & MM Saira Banu. 2003. The effect of cloth wetted with sugar solution and water on prolonging the lifespan of Aedes aegypti (Linnaeus) and Aedes albopictus (Skuse) under laboratory condition. Tropical Biomedicine 20: 145 – 152. [pdf]


53.Lee CY, LC Lee, JPS Na, PY Loke, KT Lim & EHH Teo. 2003. Evaluation of methoprene granular baits against foraging Pharaoh ant, Monomorium pharaonis (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Sociobiology (USA) 41: 717 – 723. [pdf]


54.Lee CY, J Yap, PS Ngee & Z Jaal. 2003. Foraging colonies of a higher mound-building subterranean termite, Globitermes sulphureus (Haviland) in Malaysia. Japanese Journal of Environmental Entomology and Zoology (Japan) 14: 105 – 112. [pdf]


55.Lee CY & JW Yonker. 2003. Laboratory and field evaluations of lithium perfluorooctane sulfonate baits against domicilliary and peridomestic cockroaches in Penang, Malaysia. Medical Entomology and Zoology (Japan) 54: 381 – 388. [pdf]


56.Ye W, CY Lee, RH Scheffrahn, JA Aleong, NY Su, GW Bennett & ME Scharf. 2004. Phylogenetic relationships of nearctic Reticulitermes species (Isoptera: Rhinotermitidae) with particular reference to Reticulitermes arenincola Goellner. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution (UK) 30: 815 – 822. [pdf]


57.Loke PY & CY Lee. 2004. Foraging behavior of field populations of the big-headed ant, Pheidole megacephala (Fabricius) (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Sociobiology (USA) 43: 211 – 219. [pdf]


58.Lee CY. 2004. Current termite management in Peninsular Malaysia. pp. 37 – 42. In: Proceedings of the First Pacific Rim Termite Research Group Meeting (K. Tsunoda, ed.). Kyoto University, Japan. 


59.Lee CY, PS Ngee, LC Lee & JPS Na. 2004. Survey of termite diversity in Pantai Acheh Forest Reserve, Penang Island, Malaysia. Journal of Bioscience 15: 91 – 99. [pdf]


60.Ngee PS, A Tashiro, T Yoshimura, Z Jaal & CY Lee. 2004. Wood preference of selected Malaysian subterranean termites (Isoptera: Rhinotermitidae, Termitidae). Sociobiology (USA) 43: 535 – 550. [pdf]


61.Eow AGH, ASC Chong & CY Lee. 2004. Behavioral plasticity in polyethism of Monomorium spp. (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Sociobiology (USA) 43: 557 – 564. [pdf]


62.Lee LC & CY Lee. 2004. Insecticide resistance profiles and possible underlying mechanisms in German cockroaches, Blattella germanica (L.) (Dictyoptera: Blattellidae) from Peninsular Malaysia. Medical Entomology and Zoology (Japan) 55: 77 – 93. [pdf]


63.Appel AG, JPS Na & CY Lee. 2004. Temperature and humidity tolerances of the ghost ant, Tapinoma melanocephalum (Fabricius) (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Sociobiology (USA) 44: 89 – 100. [pdf]


64.Ngee PS, T Yoshimura & CY Lee . 2004. Foraging populations and control strategies of subterranean termites with special reference to baiting (review paper). Japanese Journal of Environmental Entomology and Zoology (Japan) 15: 197 – 215. [pdf]


65.Eow AGH, ASC Chong & CY Lee. 2004. Colonial growth dynamics of tropical household ant species, Monomorium pharaonis, M. floricola and M. destructor (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Sociobiology (USA) 44: 365 – 377. [pdf]


66.Eow AGH, ASC Chong & CY Lee. 2005. Effects of nutritional starvation and satiation on feeding responses of tropical pest ants, Monomorium spp. (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Sociobiology (USA) 45: 15 – 29. [pdf]


67.Lee CY, C Vongkaluang & M Lenz. 2005. Termite management of multi-genera faunas. pp. 81 – 86. In: Proceedings of the Second Conference on Pacific-Rim Termite Research Group (K. Tsunoda, ed.). Kyoto University, Japan.


68.Bajomi D, CY Lee, SP Lim, J Szilagyi & J Schmidt. 2005. Elimination of Pharaoh’s ant, Monomorium pharaonis colonies with S-methoprene baits (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Pp. 65 – 72. In: Proceedings of the Fifth International Conference on Urban Pests (CY Lee & WH Robinson, eds.). P&Y Design Network, Malaysia. [pdf]


69.Lee CY, B Forschler & T Jenkins. 2005. Taxonomy questions on Malaysian termites (Isoptera: Termitidae) answered with morphology and DNA biotechnology. Pp. 205 – 211. In: Proceedings of the Fifth International Conference on Urban Pests (CY Lee & WH Robinson, eds.). P&Y Design Network, Malaysia. [pdf]


70.Lim SP & CY Lee. 2005. Effects of juvenile hormone analogs on new reproductives and colony growth of Pharaoh ant, Monomorium pharaonis (L.) (Hymenoptera: Formicidae. Journal of Economic Entomology (USA) 98: 2169 – 2175. [pdf]


71.Lim SP & CY Lee. 2005. Brood arrangement and food distribution amongst larvae under different colony conditions in the Pharaoh’s ants, Monomorium pharaonis (L.) (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Sociobiology (USA) 46: 491 – 503. [pdf]


72.Lim SP, KKK Chong, ASC Chong & CY Lee. 2005. Dietary influence on larval storage protein of the Pharaoh’s ant, Monomorium pharaonis (L.) (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Sociobiology (USA) 46: 505 – 514. [pdf]


73.Loke PY & CY Lee. 2005. Effects of colony composition and food type on foraging behavior of Monomorium orientale (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Sociobiology (USA) 46: 595 – 602. [pdf]


74.Lim SP & CY Lee. 2005. Effects of queen body parts on the production of new sexuals in the Pharaoh’s ant, Monomorium pharaonis (L.) (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Sociobiology (USA) 46: 677 – 688. [pdf]


75.Loke PY & CY Lee. 2006. Effects of colony composition and food type on nutrient distribution in colonies of Monomorium orientale Mayr (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Journal of Economic Entomology (USA) 99: 129 – 133. [pdf]


76.Loke PY & CY Lee. 2006. Influence of colony caste composition, food nutritional content and satiation on feeding behaviour of a tropical pest ant, Monomorium orientale (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Sociobiology (USA) 47: 5 – 18. [pdf]


77.Yeap BK, AS Othman & CY Lee. 2006. Phylogenetic relationship of the Asian subterranean termite, Coptotermes gestroi (Wasmann) and Philippine milk termite, Coptotermes vastator Light (Isoptera: Rhinotermitidae) as inferred from 16S mitochondrial DNA. Pp. 47 – 51. In: Proceedings of the Third Conference of Pacific Rim Termite Research Group (K Tsunoda, ed.). Kyoto University, Japan. [pdf]


78.Yeoh BH & CY Lee. 2006. Evaluation of several novel and conventional termiticide formulations against the Asian subterranean termite, Coptotermes gestroi (Wasmann) (Isoptera: Rhinotermitidae). Pp. 79 – 83. In: Proceedings of the Third Conference of Pacific Rim Termite Research Group (K Tsunoda, ed.). Kyoto University, Japan. [pdf]


79.Lee CY, LT Quah, BH Yeoh, YF How, KF Chong, BK Yeap, EK Tan, P Tan, SY Foo, SG Lam-Phua, LC Ng & P Koh. 2006. Insecticide resistance in field-collected populations of the German cockroach, Blattella germanica (L.) from Singapore. Pp. 52 – 58. In: Proceedings of the Pest Summit 2006. Singapore. 


80.Duangkhae S, C Chatchawan & CY Lee. 2006. Field evaluation of a hydramethylnon gel bait formulation against German cockroaches in Bangkok, Thailand (Dictyoptera: Blattellidae). Medical Entomology and Zoology (Japan) 57: 361-364. [pdf]


81.Chong KF & CY Lee. 2006. Food preferences and foraging activity of field populations of the ghost ant, Tapinoma indicum (Forel) (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Sociobiology (USA) 48: 875 – 883. [pdf]


82.Eow AGH & CY Lee. 2007. Comparative nutritional preference of tropical household ants, Monomorium pharaonis (Linnaeus), Monomorium floricola (Jerdon) and Monomorium destructor (Jerdon) (Hymenotera: Formicidae). Sociobiology (USA) 49: 165 – 186. [pdf]


83.Yeoh BH & CY Lee. 2007. Soil arthropods associated with termite bait monitoring stations in Malaysia. Sociobiology (USA) 49: 187 – 196. [pdf]


84.Lee CY. 2007. Evaluation of bistrifluron as an above-ground bait against the Asian subterranean termite, Coptotermes gestroi (Wasmann) in Malaysia. Pp. 8 – 11. In: Proceedings of the Fourth Conference of the Pacific-Rim Termite Research Group (K. Tsunoda, ed.). Kyoto University, Japan.


85.Yeoh BH & CY Lee. 2007. Tunneling patterns of subterranean termites Coptotermes gestroi (Wasmann), Coptotermes curvignathus (Holmgren) and Coptotermes kalshoveni Kemner (Isoptera: Rhinotermitidae). Pp. 33 – 35. In: Proceedings of the Fourth Conference of the Pacific-Rim Termite Research Group (K. Tsunoda, ed.). Kyoto University, Japan.


86.Yeap BK, AS Othman & CY Lee. 2007. Molecular phylogenetics of Asian Coptotermes (Isoptera: Rhinotermitidae). Pp. 51 – 55. In: Proceedings of the Fourth Conference of the Pacific-Rim Termite Research Group (K. Tsunoda, ed.). Kyoto University, Japan.


87.Jenkins TM, SC Jones, CY Lee, BT Forschler, G Lopez-Martinez, NT Gallagher, G Greene, M Neal, B Thistleton, S Kleinschmidt & C Harvey. 2007. Phylogeography elucidates maternal origins of exotic Coptotermes gestroi (Isoptera: Rhinotermitidae). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 42: 612 – 621. [pdf]


88.Kistner DH, KF Chong and CY Lee. 2007. A new Malaysian myrmecophilous cricket (Orthoptera: Myrmecophilidae). Sociobiology (USA) 50: 173 – 182. [pdf]


89.Lee CY, C Vongkaluang & M Lenz. 2007. Challenges to subterranean termite management in multi-genera faunas in South East Asia and Australia. Sociobiology (USA) 50: 213 – 221. [pdf]


90.Yeap BK, AS Othman, VS Lee & CY Lee. 2007. Genetic relationship between Coptotermes gestroi (Wasmann) and Coptotermes vastator Light (Isoptera: Rhinotermitidae). Journal of Economic Entomology (USA) 100: 467 – 474. [pdf]


91.Yeoh BH & CY Lee. 2007. Tunneling responses of the Asian subterranean termite, Coptotermes gestroi in termiticide-treated sand (Isoptera: Rhinotermitidae). Sociobiology (USA) 50: 457 – 468. [pdf]


92.Yeoh BH & CY Lee. 2007. Tunneling activity, wood consumption and survivorship of Coptotermes gestroi, Coptotermes curvignathus and Coptotermes kalshoveni (Isoptera: Rhinotermitidae) in the laboratory. Sociobiology (USA) 50: 1087 – 1096. [pdf]


93.Sudesh K, BY Tay & CY Lee. 2008. Occurrence of polyhdroxyalkanoate in the gut homogenate of phylogenetically higher termite, Macrotermes carbonarius. Canadian Journal of Chemistry 86: 512 – 515. [pdf].


94.Neoh KB & CY Lee. 2008. Preliminary studies on flight activity of Macrotermes gilvus (Hagen) and Macrotermes carbonarius (Hagen) (Blattodea: Termitoidae: Termitidae). In: Proceedings of the Fifth Conference on Pacific-Rim Termite Research Group (K. Tsunoda, ed.) Kyoto University, Japan. [pdf].


95.Lee CY. 2008. Sucrose bait base preference of selected urban pest ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). pp. 59 – 63. In: Proceedings of the 6th International Conference on Urban Pests (W.H. Robinson & D. Bajomi, eds.). OOK-Press Kft, Budapest, Hungary. [pdf].


96.Jahangir K, CY Lee & J Zairi. 2008. Effects of sugar and animal blood availability on attraction of Aedes spp. to humans. pp. 197 – 201. In: Proceedings of the 6th International Conference on Urban Pests (W.H. Robinson & D. Bajomi, eds.). OOK-Press Kft, Budapest, Hungary. [pdf].


97.Neoh KB & CY Lee. 2009. Dipteran parasitism of subterranean termite soldiers, Macrotermes gilvus (Hagen) and Macrotermes carbonarius (Hagen) (Termitidae: Macrotermitinae). The 6th Pacific-Rim Termite Research Group Conference. Kyoto, Japan. [pdf]


98.Wong NSC & CY Lee. 2009. Intra- and interspecific agonistic behaviour of Microcerotermes crassus Snyder (Blattodea: Termitidae). The 6th Pacific-Rim Termite Research Group Conference. Kyoto, Japan. [pdf]


99.Yeap BK, AS Othman & CY Lee. 2009. Microsatellite markers for the Asian subterranean termite Coptotermes gestroi (Wasmann) (Blattodea: Rhinotermitidae). The 6th Pacific-Rim Termite Research Group Conference. Kyoto, Japan. [pdf]


100.Lee CY. 2009. Feeding and foraging behaviour of tropical urban pest ants. SP World 37: 9 – 12. [spw.pdf]


101.Disney RHL, KB Neoh & CY Lee. 2009. A new species of scuttle fly (Diptera: Phoridae) parasitizing a termite (Isoptera: Termitidae) in Malaysia. Sociobiology 54: 89 - 94. [pdf]


102.Chong KF & CY Lee. 2009. Evaluation of liquid baits against field populations of the longlegged ant, Anoplolepis gracilipes (Fr. Smith) (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Journal of Economic Entomology 102: 1586 - 1590. [pdf] 


103.Chong KF & CY Lee. 2009. Influences of temperature, relative humidity and light intensity on the foraging activity of field populations of the longlegged ant, Anoplolepis gracilipes (Fr. Smith) (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Sociobiology 54: 531 - 539. [pdf].


104.Neoh KB & CY Lee. 2009. Flight activity and phenology of the Asian subterranean termite, Coptotermes gestroi (Wasmann) (Blattodea: Rhinotermitidae). Sociobiology 54: 521 - 530. [pdf]


105.Yeap BK, AS Othman & CY Lee. 2009. Molecular systematics of Coptotermes (Isoptera: Rhinotermitidae) from East Asia and Australia. Annals of the Entomological Society of America 102: 1077 - 1090. [pdf]


106.Neoh KB & CY Lee. 2009. Developmental stages and castes of two sympatric subterranean termites Macrotermes gilvus (Hagen) and Macrotermes carbonarius (Hagen) (Blattodea: Termitidae). Annals of the Entomological Society of America 102: 1091 - 1098. [pdf]


107.Hashim R, JG Boon, O Sulaiman, F Kawamura & CY Lee. 2009. Evaluation of the decay resistance properties of Cerbera odollam extracts and their influence on properties of particle board. International Biodeterioration & Biodegradation 63: 1013 - 1017. [pdf]


108.Yeap BK, AS Othman & CY Lee. 2009. Identification of polymorphic microsatellite markers for the Asian subterranean termite Coptotermes gestroi (Wasmann) (Blattodea: Rhinotermitidae). in (Almany GR, De Arruda, .....CY Lee, ...AS Othman...., BK Yeap et al. 2009. Permanent genetic resources added to Molecular Ecology Resources Database 1 May 2009 - 31 July 2009) Molecular Ecology Resources 9: 1460 - 1559. [pdf]


109.Neoh KB & CY Lee. 2009. Flight activity of two sympatric termite species, Macrotermes gilvus (Hagen) and M. carbonarius (Hagen) (Blattodea: Termitidae). Environmental Entomology 38: 1697-1706 [pdf]


110.Tay BY, BE Lokesh, CY Lee and K. Sudesh. 2010. Polyhydroxyalkanoate (PHA) accumulating bacteria from the gut of higher termite Macrotermes carbonarius (Blattodea: Termitidae). World Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology 26: 1015 - 1024. DOI 10.1007/s11274-009-0264-3. [pdf]


111.Yamada A, S Saitoh, G Tokuda, S Fujii, N Endo, E Ueshima, Y Tawa, M Miyagi, H Makiya, N Shinzato, CY Lee & K Tsunoda. 2010. Genetic diversity of the Formosan subterranean termite, Coptotermes formosanus Shiraki in relation to the distribution of staphylinid termitophiles. pp. 89 - 94. In: The 7th Pacific-Rim Termite Research Group Conference. Kyoto, Japan. [pdf].


112.S Yusuf, CY Lee & C Vongkaluang. 2010. The natural durability of several wood species against subterranean termite in Indonesia and Malaysia. pp. 107 - 110. In: The 7th Pacific-Rim Termite Research Group Conference. Kyoto, Japan. [pdf].


113.Neoh KB, M Lenz & CY Lee. 2010. Replacement of reproductives in orphaned field colonies of Macrotermes gilvus and Macrotermes carbonarius (Blattodea: Termitidae). pp. 166 - 169. In: The 7th Pacific-Rim Termite Research Group Conference. Kyoto, Japan. [pdf].


114.How YF & CY Lee. 2010. Fecundity, nymphal development and longevity of the tropical bed bug, Cimex hemipterus. Medical and Veterinary Entomology 24: 108 - 116. DOI 10.1111/j.1365-2915.2010.00852.x. [email me][link]


115.Bujang NS & CY Lee. 2010. Interspecific competition between Blattella germanica and Symploce pallens (Dictyoptera: Blattellidae). Tropical Biomedicine 27: 103 - 114 [pdf]


116.Wong N & CY Lee. 2010. Influence of different substrate moistures on wood consumption and movement patterns of Microcerotermes crassus Snyder and Coptotermes gestroi Wasmann (Blattodea: Termitidae, Rhinotermitidae). Journal of Economic Entomology 103: 437 - 442. [pdf]


117.Bujang NS & CY Lee. 2010. Biology of the smooth cockroach, Symploce pallens (Dictyoptera: Blattellidae). Journal of Economic Entomology 103: 443 - 447. [pdf]


118.Chai RY & CY Lee. 2010. Insecticide resistance profiles and synergism in field populations of the German cockroach, Blattella germanica (L.) (Dictyoptera: Blattellidae) from Singapore. Journal of Economic Entomology 103: 460 - 471. [pdf]


119.Wong N & CY Lee. 2010. Effects of disturbance and the presence of termite and other invertebrate carcasses at feeding sites on the behavior of Microcerotermes crassus Snyder (Blattodea: Termitidae). Sociobiology 55: 353 - 367. [pdf]


120.How YF & CY Lee. 2010. Survey of bed bugs in infested premises in Malaysia and Singapore. Journal of Vector Ecology 35: 89 - 94. [pdf]


121.How YF & CY Lee. 2010. Effects of life-stages and feeding regimes on active movement behavior of the tropical bed bug, Cimex hemipterus (Hemiptera: Cimicidae). Journal of Medical Entomology 47: 305 - 312. [pdf]


122.Neoh KB, M Lenz & CY Lee. 2010. Impact of orphaning on field colonies of Macrotermes gilvus (Hagen) and M. carbonarius (Hagen) (Termitidae: Macrotermitinae). Insectes Sociaux 57: 431 - 439. [pdf] [pdf2].


123.Neoh KB & CY Lee. 2010. Behavioural and morphological changes in soldiers of Macrotermes gilvus (Termitidae: Macrotermitinae) parasitized by the fly Misotermes mindeni (Diptera: Phoridae). Environmental Entomology 39: 835 - 840. [pdf]


124.Yeap BK, FM Dugal, AS Othman & CY Lee. 2010. Genetic relationship between Coptotermes heimi and Coptotermes gestroi (Isoptera: Rhinotermitidae). Sociobiology 56: 291 - 312. [pdf]


125.Wong N & CY Lee. 2010. Intra- and interspecific agonistic behavior of the subterranean termite Microcerotermes crassus (Blattodea: Termitidae). Journal of Economic Entomology 103: 1754 - 1760. [pdf].


126.Tee HS, AR Saad & CY Lee. 2010. Suitability of heat- and freeze-killed oothecae of the American cockroach (Dictyoptera: Blattidae) as hosts for an oothecal parasitoid, Aprostocetus hagenowii (Hymenoptera: Eulophidae). Journal of Economic Entomology 103: 1770 - 1774. [pdf]. 


127.Chong KF & CY Lee. 2010. Inter- and intraspecific aggression in the longlegged ant, Anoplolepis gracilipes (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Journal of Economic Entomology 103: 1775 - 1783. [pdf].


128.How YF & CY Lee. 2010. Effects of temperature and humidity on survival and water loss of Cimex hemipterus (Hemiptera: Cimicidae). Journal of Medical Entomology 47: 987 - 995. [pdf].


129.Smith GB, G Veera Singham, MK Kuah & CY Lee. 2011. Two new inquiline silverfish (Zygentoma: Ateluridae, Lepismatidae) from Penang, Malaysia. Sociobiology 57: 19 - 34. [pdf].


130.Lenz M, CY Lee, MJ Lacey, T Yoshimura & K Tsunoda. 2011. The potential and limits of termites (Isoptera) as decomposers of waste paper products. Journal of Economic Entomology 104: 232 - 242. [pdf]


131.Foo FK, AS Othman & CY Lee. 2011. Morphology and development of a termite endoparasitoid, Misotermes mindeni (Diptera: Phoridae). Annals of the Entomological Society of America 104: 233 - 240. [pdf]


132.How YF & CY Lee. 2011. Surface contact toxicity and synergism of several insecticides against different stages of the tropical bed bug, Cimex hemipterus (Hemiptera: Cimicidae). Pest Management Science 67: 734 - 740. [pdf]


133.Yeap BK, AS Othman & CY Lee. 2011. Genetic analysis of population structure of Coptotermes gestroi (Isoptera: Rhinotermitidae) in native and introduced populations. Environmental Entomology 40: 470 - 476. [pdf]


134.Neoh KB, NA Jalaludin & CY Lee. 2011. Elimination of field colonies of a mound-building termite, Globitermes sulphureus (Isoptera: Termitidae) by bistrilfuron bait. Journal of Economic Entomology 104: 607 - 613. [pdf]


135.Neoh KB & CY Lee. 2011. Developmental stages and caste composition of mature and incipient colonies of the drywood termite, Cryptotermes dudleyi (Isoptera: Kalotermitidae). Journal of Economic Entomology 104: 622 - 628. [pdf]


136.Neoh KB & CY Lee. 2011. Parasitoid-induced morphological and behavioral changes in the infected soldiers of fungus-growing termite, Macrotermes carbonarius. Journal of Insect Science 11: 47 available online: insectscience.org/11.47 [pdf]


137.Ang LH & CY Lee. 2011. Absence of reduced biological fitness in insecticide-resistant German cockroaches, Blattella germanica (L.) (Dictyoptera: Blattellidae). International Journal of Pest Management 57: 195 - 204 [pdf]


138.Tee HS, AR Saad & CY Lee. 2011. Population ecology and movement of the American cockroach, Periplaneta americana (Dictyoptera: Blattidae) in sewers. Journal of Medical Entomology 48: 797 - 805. [pdf]


139.Foo FK, Veera Singham G, AS Othman & CY Lee. 2011. Prevalence of a koinobiont endoparasitoid Misotermes mindeni (Diptera: Phoridae) in colonies of the fungus-growing termite, Macrotermes gilvus (Blattodea: Termitidae) in Malaysia. Journal of Economic Entomology 104: 1675 - 1679. [pdf]


140.Foo FK, AS Othman & CY Lee. 2011. Physiological changes in parasitized major soldier of Macrotermes gilvus (Isoptera: Termitidae) induced by the endoparasitoid Misotermes mindeni (Diptera: Phoridae). Journal of Insect Physiology 57: 1495 - 1500. [pdf]


141.Neoh KB, J Hu, BH Yeoh & CY Lee. 2011. Toxicity and horizontal transfer of chlorantraniliprole against Asian subterranean termite Coptotermes gestroi: effects of donor: recipient ratio, exposure duration and soil types. Pest Management Science. DOI: 10.1002/ps.2322. [pdf]


142.Tee HS, AR Saad & CY Lee. 2011. Evaluation of Aprostocetus hagenowii (Hymenoptera: Eulophidae) for the control American cockroaches (Dictyoptera: Blattidae) in sewers and crevices around buildings. Journal of Economic Entomology 104: 2031 - 2038. [pdf]


143.Neoh KB, Y. Indiran, M. Lenz & CY Lee. 2011. Does lack of intraspecific aggression or absence of nymphs determine acceptance of foreign reproductives in Macrotermes? Insectes Sociaux: Available Online. DOI 10.1007/s00040-011-0207-5. [pdf]


144.Wong N & CY Lee. 2011. Relationship between population growth of the red flour beetle Tribolium castaneum (Herbst) and protein and carbohydrate content in flour and starch. Journal of Economic Entomology 104: 2087 - 2094. [pdf]


145.Hu J, KB Neoh, AG Appel & CY Lee. 2012. Subterranean termite open-air foraging and tolerance to dessication - Comparative water relations of two sympatric Macrotermes spp. (Blattodea: Termitidae). Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology Section A 161: 201 - 207. [pdf]

146.Lenz M, JW Creffield, TA Evans, B Kard, C Vongkaluang, Y Sornnuwat, CY Lee, T Yoshimura & K Tsunoda. 2012. Resistance of polyamide and polyethylene cable sheathings to termites in Australia, Thailand, USA, Malaysia and Japan: a comparison of four field assessment methods. International Biodeterioration & Biodegradation 66: 53 - 62. [pdf]


147.Man LS & CY Lee. 2012. Structure-invading pest ants in healthcare facilities in Singapore. Sociobiology 59: 241 - 249. [pdf]


148.Veera Singham G, EL Vargo, W Booth, AS Sofiman & CY Lee. 2012. Polymorphic microsatellite loci from an indigenous Asian fungus-growing termite, Macrotermes gilvus (Blattodea: Termitidae) and cross amplification in related taxa. Environmental Entomology: In press.


149.Bong LJ, KB Neoh, Z Jaal & CY Lee. 2012. Life table of Paederus fuscipes (Coleoptera: Staphylinidae). Journal of Medical Entomology: In press.


150.Lee CC, KB Neoh & CY Lee. 2012. Caste composition and mound size of the subterranean termite Macrotermes gilvus (Isoptera: Termitidae: Macrotermintinae). Annals of the Entomological Society of America: Accepted.

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