• Anda berminat untuk menjadi pelajar USM? Anda boleh memohon kemasukan ke USM melalui laman sesawang:
  • ANNOUNCEMENT!! Mohamed Haniff Research & Development Trust Fund Research Grant is now open! Click here for details.
    Sila klik di sini untuk maklumat lanjut.
    Sila klik di sini untuk format report teknikal
    Sila klik di sini untuk borang laporan penilaian


baharuddin sulaimanLecturer
B.Sc. (Hons.), M.Sc. , Universiti Sains Malaysia
Ext. 3526; baha@usm.my
Botany (Plant Taxonomy)




Research Profile

The Araceae or aroids are mainly a tropical family and are distributed worldwide. The species are found in various habitats ranging from swamps, ponds, lakes, rivers, rice fi elds and forests. Most of the native and endemic species are recorded as shaded plants, which thrive well on the forest fl oors with high humidity readings. Some of the species are well adapted to wetland conditions.

These types of habitats also encourage good growth of climbers and epiphytes, which adhere to the higher plants.Many aroids are very handsome ornamental plants. Others are important as food even though they are poisonous in the fresh stage. In addition, several aroids have medicinal values and have been used for treatment of stomach ailments and cancer.

Current Research

  • Aroid (Family Araceae) ecology and taxonomy
  • Etnobotany and ecology of medicinal plants
  • Conservation of rare and endemic plants species (including Ginger)


  • Perlis State Park
  • UKM
  • UM
  • Kew Garden
  • Universite Libre de Bruxelles, Belgium
  • Department of Agriculture, Netherland
  • Sydney Botanic Garden, Australia

Selected Publications

  • K.C. Wong, Abdul Hamid, I.M.S. Eldeen , M. Zaini Asmawi,S. Baharuddin, H.S. Abdillahi and J. Van Staden (2012) A new sesquiterpenoid from the rhizomes of Homalomena sagittifolia. Natural Product Research, 26:( 9): 850–858.
    Mansor, M., Boyce, P. C., Ahmad Sofiman, O. And Sulaiman, B. (2012). The Araceae of Peninsular Malaysia. Penerbit Universiti Sains Malaysia. Penang. 146pp.
  • Christine, S., Arvind, B., Sulaiman, B. and Chan, L. K. (2012). Micropropagation of Homalomena pineodora Sulaiman & Boyce (Araceae): a new species from Malaysia. Hortiic Bras, 30(1).
  • Wong, K. C., Yasodha, S., Lim, B, P., Hasnah, O. and Baharuddin, S. (2010) Essential oils of Etlingera elatior (Jack) R. M. Smith and Etlingera littoralis (Koenig) Giseke . J. of essential oil Res.:22; 461-466.
  • Wong, K. C., Yasodha, S., Lim, B, P., and Baharuddin, S.(2010). Essential Oils of Elettariopsis curtisii Bak. J. of essential oil Res., 22:533-535.
  • Wong, K. C., Yasodha, S., Lim, B, P., Hasnah, O. and Baharuddin, S. (2010). Chemical Constituents from Etlingera littoralis (Koenig) Giseke. Molecules, 15.
  • Sulaiman, B. and V. Shunmugam (2010). A preliminary survey of Aroids (Family Araceae) in Maliau Basin, Sabah, Malaysia. Journal of Tropical Biology and Conservation,6:35-37.
  • Sulaiman, B. and Boyce, P. C. (2010). Studies on Homalomeneae (Araceae) of Peninsular Malaysia I: Homalomena asmae, a New Species from Perak. Acta Phytotax. Geobot. 60(3):163-166
  • Wong, K. C., Abdul Hamid, S., Baharuddin, S., Ching, K. Q. & Hoong-Kun, F. (2009). catena-Poly[(sodium-di-µ-β-D-glucose)chloride]. Acta Cryst.E65, m1308-1309.
  • Sulaiman, B. and Boyce, P. C. (2005). A Remarkable New Species of Homalomena (Araceae: Homalomeneae) from Peninsular Malaysia. Gardens’ Bulletin Singapore 57:7-11.
  • Baharuddin, S. dan M. Mashhor .2003. Pemuliharaan Biodiversiti Tumbuhan ke arah Pembentukan Persekitaran yang Bersih dan Kondusif. Siri Kampus Sejahtera (Bil. 1). Penerbit Universiti Sains Malaysia. ms 19.
  • Baharuddin S. and M. Mashhor. 2002. Diversity of Aroids (Family Araceae) in Perlis State Park Perlis in Biodiversity and Management of Perlis State Park Physical, Biological and Social Environment of Wang Mu. pp. 287 – 292.
  • Baharuddin, S and Mashhor, M .2002. Medicinal Aroids Conservation. A case study of Floral Garden, School of Biological Sciences, Universiti Sains Malaysia. Proceedings The Fourth Regional IMT-GT UNINET Conference 2002. 15 17 Oktober 2002, The City Bay View Hotel, Penang, Malaysia.
  • Boyce, P.C., B. Sulaiman and J. Lintong. 2001. Araceae of the Crocker Range National Park Sabah: A preliminary survey,checklist and generic key. In: I. Ghazally & A. Lamri, eds. A Scientifi c Journey through Borneo. Crocker Range National Park Sabah. Vol. 1 Natural Ecosystem and Species Components, pp. 55 – 64
  • Sulaiman, B. and Mansor, M. 2001. Endemic riverine Araceae of Peninsular Malaysia. In: L. G. Saw, L. S. L. Chua & K. C. Khoo (eds.), Taxonomy, the Cornerstone of Biodiversity, Proceedings of the fourth International Flora Malesiana Symposium 1998. Forest Research Institute, Malaysia. pp. 279-288.
  • Baharuddin Sulaiman and Peter C. Boyce (2010) Studies on Homalomeneae (Araceae) of Peninsular Malaysia I:Homalomena asmae, a New Species from Perak. Acta Phytotax. Geobot. 60 (3):163-166.
  • B. Sulaiman and V. Shunmugam (2010). A preliminary survey of Aroids (Family Araceae) in Maliau Basin, Sabah, Malaysia. Journal of Tropical Biology and Conservation,6: 35-37.
  • Baharuddin Sulaiman1 & Peter C. Boyce, 2010. Studies on Monstereae (Araceae) of Peninsular Malaysia: Rhaphidophora megasperma, a new record for West Malaysia . Tropical Life Sciences Research, 21(2): 1-6.
  • Wong, K. C., Sivasothy, Y., Boey, P. L., Osman, H., and Sulaiman, B. (2010). Essential Oils of Etlingeraelatior (Jack)R. M. Smith and Etlingera littoralis (Koenig) Giseke. Journal of Essential Oil Research:22; 461-466.
  • Wong, K. C., Abdul Hamid., Baharuddin, S., Ching, K. H., and Hoong-Kun, F. (2009). Catena-Poly[[sodium-di-µ-β-D-glucose] chloride]. Acta Cryst. E65; m1308-m1309.
  • Abdul Hamid, Wong, K. C., Shafida, A. H. & Baharuddin, S. (2008). Volatile constituents of Homalomena pineodora. 2nd USM-PIPgC, 18-20 June, Universiti Sains Malaysia. Pulau Pinang.p.213.
  • Baharuddin, S. & Boyce, P. C. (2005). A Remarkable New Species of Homalomena (Araceae: Homalomeneae from Peninsular Malaysia. Gardens’ Bull. Sing. 57:7-11.